The achievement of the Millennium Development Goals is dependent on the effectiveness of institutions of governance, including parliaments, ministries or departments of government, traditional leadership groups, and civil society organisations.
Without effective governance, the chances for development, growth and poverty reduction are compromised. This means that basic services such as education and maternal health are not delivered effectively, and poor and marginalised people often miss out.
Since 2010 we have been increasing expenditure on governance. In 2010–11 the total ODA for governance was $792.5 million, and in 2011–12 this figure increased to $943.3 million. Key achievements in recent years include:
- supporting the Ministry of Finance in Timor-Leste to improve its systems for government spending
- increasing access to justice for victims of violence against women in PNG
- strengthening the electoral cycle process in Solomon Islands leading to the 2010 elections being declared ‘free and fair’ by international observers.
Following the Government’s announcement on 17 December 2012 to reprioritise resources within the aid budget, the 2012–13 budget estimate for the Governance program was reduced by $37.6 million to approximately $885.9 million. The new budget estimate for governance reflects changes to global programs, including in election support and political governance, and in country programs, including deferral of leadership and civil society programs into future financial years.
In 2012–13, Australia will continue to support partner governments in their efforts to deliver basic services, through capable and well-functioning state institutions.
The Australian aid program’s support for effective governance falls into three pillars:
- Delivering better services through improved government efficiency and effectiveness, and more accountable, open and responsive governments.
- Improved security and enhanced justice.
- Enhanced human rights.
Read more about the Australian aid program's Effective Governance Strategy.
Read more about our support for effective governance in the following countries: