Good research can lead to better outcomes for the world’s poorest by improving the evidence base for policies and programs. That’s why AusAID is committed to an innovative
research portfolio. Research funded by AusAID’s PNG country program specifically targets priority development challenges.
More information on how AusAID funds research
World Bank Integrated Bio-Behavioural survey (IBBS)
This population based survey of 12,000 people will increase the understanding of
HIV transmission patterns by:
- creating more accurate HIV prevalence estimates
- revealing demographics and behaviours (risk factors) associated with HIV
- creating an index of stigma and discrimination at regional levels.
The large size of the proposed sample means robust data can be provided to evaluate
different levels of prevalence by gender, age, and regions. Understanding the drivers of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the dynamics
of transmission will enable better targeting of the national response.
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research–AusAID partnership for PNG agriculture (2008–2012)
This program supports research and development activities for the efficient and sustainable use of resources for more productive and sustainable agricultural systems.
Through applied technical, social, economic and policy research, the program aims to achieve practical impacts for PNG smallholders, consumers, industry and government.
For example, a cocoa pod borer (CPB) management project that concluded in 2011 found that cocoa production in East New Britain fell by more than 60 per cent following
the CPB incursion in 2005. This research program has developed a management strategy for farmers to mitigate the effects of CPB with remarkable results. After adopting
this strategy, cocoa farmers have obtained yields up to 10 times higher than achieved when applying the previous management strategy.
Institute of Medical Research Support Program
The PNG Institute of Medical Research (IMR) undertakes research programs in six priority research disciplines: mosquito-borne diseases, respiratory diseases, sexual
health, disease surveillance, infectious diseases and therapies, and operational research. The IMR’s research makes an important contribution to improved health
outcomes in PNG, particularly in the areas of malaria, multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, HIV/sexual health and maternal health.
In 2008–09, IMR conducted the first country-wide survey of the number of households that owned a mosquito net treated with insecticide, which was 65 per cent of households
in 2008–09 and rose to 85 per cent 2011. The increase in mosquito nets was followed by reductions in reported malaria cases in many parts of PNG.
Findings from recent IMR studies conducted on multi-drug resistant tuberculosis
have been adopted by the National Department of Health for treatment standards nationwide.
The IMR Sexual and Reproductive Health program is focused on National AIDS Council priorities/needs. A number of studies have been commissioned to focus on cervical
cancer and high-risk human papillamavirus (HPV) which is increasing among women
in PNG. The IMR will continue to focus on supporting the NDoH’s National Health
Plan priorities to improve health in the country which is their primary goal.
In 2012, IMR is expanding into studies on safe motherhood and maternal health.
PNG Household Income and Expenditure Survey
The latest Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) was managed by the PNG
National Statistics Office with support from AusAID and the World Bank. The survey
covered just over 4,000 households in PNG and covered rural and urban households.
It has three main objectives:
- to assist in calculating household expenditure which will be used in updating the PNG National Accounts
- to generate household consumption data that will be used to rebase the Consumer Price Index which is currently based on a weighting from a 1975–76 survey
- to enable the improved analysis of livelihoods and poverty in PNG, including the calculation of a Poverty Line.